• Bojan S. Marić Републички фонд за здравствено осигурање Kрагујевац


FR Germany, PR China, European Union, Initiative , bilateral cooperation, economy, investments


The basic purpose of the paper is to determine the main determinants of Germany-China political and economic relations with a special emphasis on the mega project "One Belt One Road", promulgated by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013. The Federal Republic of Germany and the People’s Republic of China established their diplomatic relations on 11 September 1972. The political relations reached the pinnacle when the two countries signed the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership Agreement in 2014, promoting the already firmly established relations based on "strategic partnership in global responsibility" from 2004 to an even higher level. Having in mind that the Germany-China foreign trade was only one million Deutsche Marks one year after the establishment of diplomatic relations, only to reach fascinating 186 billion Euros during 2017 (according to the data of Federal Statistical Office of Germany - Statistisches Bundesamt), with China becoming a top German foreign trade partner, the impressive progress in the field of economic trade between the two countries achieved in the past 45 years is evident.

Chinese President Xi Jinping presented in September 2013 the idea of an economic revival of the Silk Road that had been used since the 2nd century AD for cooperation between Ancient China and Europe, Middle East and Central Asia. German officials expressed early support to launching the initiative of One Belt One Road, striving to ensure that Chinese investments in their own country, the EU, and the countries involved in the process of European integrations lay on transparent grounds. The positive German perception of this initiative was shaped by the desire to enable further strengthening of foreign trade, primarily better access for German goods to the Chinese market, by implementing planned infrastructural projects. Developments dwindled the initial enthusiasm of Germany to give way to concerns that its interests might be threatened by Chinese interests within the initiative "One Belt One Road," by Chinese companies purchasing German companies that would transfer the German technology further to China, threatening German economic interests in the area of Central and Southeast Europe and marginalizing German ports and railway nodes in the light of Chinese investments in other countries located on the route of the initiative.


Download data is not yet available.


Annual Economic Report (2016): Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, Berlin.

Arežina, Sanja (2015): “Kineska „ofanziva šarma“ na Centralnu i Istočnu Evropu“, Kultura polisa, god. XII, br. 27, 39-64.

Babić, Blagoje (2010): “Odnosi Kine i Evropske Unije: Geoekonomska osovina u razvoju“, Međunarodni problemi, Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Vol. LXII, Beograd br. 3, 418-462.

Bajec, Juriј, et. аl. (2012): Srpsko- nemački odnosi: stvarno i moguće, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Beograd.

“Beziehungen zu Deutschland”, Auswärtiges Amt,, 25.10.2018.

“Beziehungen zwischen der Volksrepublik China und Deutschland“, Auswärtiges Amt, Internet, , 22.10.2018.

Bian, Shuwen, Emons, Oliver (2017): “Chinese investments in Germany: increasing in line with Chinese industrial policy“, in: Jan Drahokoupil (ed.): Chinese investment in Europe: corporate strategies and labour relations, ETUI aisbl, Brussels, 157-177.

Bisenić, Dragan, “Nemački zaokret kineske saradnje“, Dnevni list Danas, 09.11.2018., broj 7587.

Erber, Georg (2014): German-Chinese economic relations-opportynities and risks for Germany, DIW Economic Bulletin 2.

Economic Overview Germany: Marcet, Productivity, Innovation, Germany (2016): Trade&Invest, Issue 2015/2016.

“EU: Odluka da se Kini dodeli status tržišne ekonomije u okviru STO je neodrživa zbog potencijalnog gubitka radnih mesta u Evropi“, Nova srpska politička misao, časopis za političku teoriju i društvena istraživanja,, 21.10.2018.

Facts about German trade foreign (2018), Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi),, 17.10.2018.

“For Merkel, Some China Investments Are More Welcome Than Others“, Bloomberg,, 29.10.2018.

Fridman, Džordž, “Nemačka i Kina“, Nova srpska politička misao, časopis za političku teoriju i društvena istraživanja,, 19.10.2018.

Gaspers, Jan, Lang, Bertram (2016): “Germany and the ‘Belt and Road’ Initiative: Tackling Geopolitical Implications through Multilateral Frameworks“, in Frans-Paul van der Putten et. al. (eds.): Europe and China’s New Silk Roads, ETNC Report, 30-34.

German business in China (2015): German Chamber of Commerce in China.

Hanemann, Thilo, Huotari, Mikko (2016): Record flows and growing imbalances, Merics&Rhodium Group.

Joint Declaration between Germany and China, The Federal Government,, 20.10.2018.

“Kina po paritetu kupovne moći prvi put pretekla SAD“, SEE biz,, 22.10.2018.

Kundnani, Hans, Parello-Plesner, Jonas (2012): “China And Germany: Why The Special Relationship Matters For Europe“, ECFR, May 2012, 1-11.

Li Mančang, “Glavne inicijative kineske spoljne politike“, Politika,Свет/Главне-иницијативе-кинеске-спољнеполитике, 30.10.2018.

Marić, Bojan (2017): “Evropske integracije i transatlantski odnosi kao kamen temeljac spoljne politike Savezne Republike Nemačke”, Megatrend revija, vol. 14, br. 3, 187-207.

Meister, Stefan (2014): “Reframing Germany´s Russia Policy – and Opportunity for the EU”, European Council on Foreign Relations, April 2014, 1-12.

Mihejev, Vladimir, “Da li će svetski novac uskoro govoriti na kineskom jeziku“, Ruska reč,, 14.11.2018.

Mitrović, Dragana, “Kinezi s Morave merkaju Evropu”, Večernje novosti,, 05.11.2018.

“Mounting angst in Germany over relationship with China“, The Star Online,, 24.10.2018.

Pepe, Jacopo Maria (2017): “China’s Inroads into Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe Implications for Germany and the EU“, DGAP analyse, Nr. 3 / March 2017, 1-11.

Plevnik, Jasna (2016): The Belt and Road Initiative and its Implicatios for Sotheast Europe, Center for international relations and sustainable development, Belgrade.

Schnellbach, Christoph, Man, Joyce (2015): “Germany and China: Embracing a Different Kind of Partnership?“, Center for Applied Policy Research, Working Paper, Munich, 1-21.

Viktor, Eszterhai, “The One Belt One Road from Germany’s perspective“, PAGEO,, Interent, 04.11.2018.

“40 years of Sino-German relations”, Deutsche Welle,, 16.10.2018.




How to Cite