CULTURAL ASPECTS OF SAMBA
Keywords:Dance, Samba, samba music, samba dance, Dance Sport
The Latin American dance Samba gained popularity worldwide as the symbol of national and cultural identity of Brazil. Its roots originating in Africa were brought to Brazil during the colonization of Portugal, as the cultural value of the African population. Over time, the Samba develops on the land of Brazil under the influence of the cultural heritage of three nations from different continents. Considering that it represents a mixture of nations and cultures, there is no specific information on how the dance emerged and what its name exactly stands for. In the beginning the Samba was the carnival dance of the poor, which they performed in the favelas where they lived and celebrated the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro. Later, Samba schools have opened, which were expanding in number and, consequently, gained more and more popularity. According to musicologists, the musical form of the Samba evolved from the musical forms of Lundu and Maxixe, while musical instruments like the trumpet, trombone and saxophone were introduced later, giving it a completely new sound. Subsequently, many styles of Samba have developed, and, with its character of lightness and carelessness, it also grew in popularity in Europe. For this reason, the Samba as a competitive dance was classified as an event in dancesport. For its strict rules, ballroom Samba differs from carnival Samba.
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