Culture of Polis, Year XVIII (2021), special edition (2), pp. 39-50
ISSN 1820-4589

DARKO M. MARKOVIĆ
Faculty of Law for Commerce and Judiciary, Novi Sad, Serbia
darko.markovic@pravni-fakultet.info

IVANA SPAIĆ
Faculty of Law for Commerce and Judiciary, Novi Sad, Serbia
ivanas.milic@gmail.com

UDC: 343.9:339.9
DOI: https://doi.org/10.51738/Kpolisa2021.18.2p.1.03

Review work
Received: 2021-09-15
Approved: 2021-11-23
Online: 2021-12-00

PDF
GLOBALIZACIJA ORGANIZOVANOG KRIMINALA I TRANSFORMACIJA U MOĆNU EKONOMSKU I ORUŽANU SILU
ORGANIZED CRIME GLOBALIZATION AND TRANSFORMATION INTO A POWERFUL ECONOMIC AND ARMED FORCE

SUMMARY
In the globalized world that we live in, which is characterized by the intensification of transnational flows of goods, people and capital, and the development of new technologies, parallel to the liberalization of the market, the strengthening of organized crime is taking place. Because of its ability to parasitize on political and financial institutions and in turn spread its branches and illicit business beyond national borders, but also because of the relation to terrorism and the financing of armed conflicts in modern asymmetric conflicts, organized crime has been transformed into a mighty economic power, with the attributes of an armed power as well and the potentials to indeed become that. Starting from the position of relevant international authorities that globalization is fertile ground for the development of organized crime to unprecedented proportions, the aim of this paper is to look for an answer to the question of whether transnational organized crime can be considered one of the most powerful economic and armed powers , and if yes, to what extent, all by analysing the indicators of its power in the context of globalization and the factors affecting its strengthening.

KEYWORDS
transnational crime, economic power, money laundering, underground banking, arms trade, global threat

REFERENCES

  1. Бјелајац, Жељко. 2013. Организовани криминалитет – Империја зла. Нови Сад: Универзитет Привредна академија, Правни факултет за привреду и правосуђе.
  2. Бјелајац, Жељко и Јоко Драгојловић. 2017. „Мигрантска криза као извор угрожавања регионалне и глобалне безбедности”. У „Култура безбедности: мигрантске кризе, стање, перспективе, ризици”, ур. Љубиша Деспотовић и Александар Гајић, посебно издање, Култура полиса: 161-171.
  3. Castle, Allan. 1997. “Transnational Organized Crime and International Security”, Working paper No. 19. Vancouver: Institute of Interantional Relations – The University of British Columbia. https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/46409/WP19.pdf.
  4. European Parliament resolution [EPR] of 11 June 2013 on organised crime, corruption, and money laundering: recommendations on action and initiatives to be taken (interim report), European Parliament (2012/2117(INI)), OJ C 65, 19.2.2016, p. 16–40.
  5. May, Channing. 2017. Transnational Crime and the Developing World. Washington: Global Financial Integrity. https://gfintegrity.org/report/ transnational-crime-and-the-developing-world/.
  6. Мандић, Данило. 2021. „Србија, Косово и мафија”. Време, 24. јун 2021.
  7. Марковић, Дарко и Дарија Марковић. 2015. „Потенцијални изазови и ризици ирегуларних миграција по Европу”. У Четрдесет година од потписивања Хелсиншког завршног акта – Forty years since the signing of the Helsinki final act, ур. Мина Зиројевић и Весна Ћорић, 285-306. Београд: Институт за упоредно право; Intermex.
  8. Reinares, Fernando and Carlos Resa. 1999. Transnational organized crime as an increasing threat to the national security of democratic regimes: assesing political impacts and evaluating state responses. NATO Research Fellowships Programme 1997-1999. 17 Octobre 2021. https://www.nato.int/acad/fellow/97-99/f97-99.htm.
  9. Tagziria, Lyes. 2018. “The double-edged sword of development”. Global initiative against transnational organized crime, 24 October 2018. https://globalinitiative.net/analysis/trade-infrastructure-and-organized-crime/.
  10. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [UNODC]. 2010. “Organized Crime Has Globalized and Turned into a Security Threat”, Press Release. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 17 June 2010. https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/ press/releases /2010/June/organized-crime-has-globalized-and-turned-into-a-security-threat.html.
  11. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [UNODC]. 2018. “Structural factors and organized crime“. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 17 Octobre 2021. https://www.unodc.org/e4j/en/organized-crime/module-6/key-issues/structural-factors.html.
  12. Williams, Phil and John Picarelli. 2002. Organized Crime in Ukraine: Challenge and Response. A research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. 17 October 2021. https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/198321.pdf.
  13. Xiao, Jessica. 2016. “The Evolution of Russian Organised Crime and the Challenge to Democracy”. E-International Relations, Jul 31 2016. https://www.e-ir.info/pdf/65060.