Culture of Polis, Year XVIII (2021), Issue 44, pp. 173–187
ISSN 1820-4589

JELENA BOŽILOVIĆ
Faculty of Philosophy, Niš, Serbia
jelena.bozilovic@filfak.ni.ac.rs

UDC: 172Аристотел
https://doi.org/10.51738/Kpolisa2021.18.1r.3.02

Review work
Received: 13.12.2020-12-13
Approved: 25.01.2021-01-25
Page: 173–187
Online: 2021-03-08

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ETIČKI PRINCIPI POLITIČKE ZAJEDNICE U DELU ARISTOTELA
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL COMMUNITY IN THE WORKS OF ARISTOTLE

SUMMARY
Aristotle’s understanding of political community is strongly linked with the view on political naturalism and the concept of a man as a moral being. According to Aristotle, man (by nature) achieves his human potential by living in a community, however, the political community on its own, as the largest and the most significant among all communities, enables citizens to fully develop their virtue through their participation in political life. For this reason, a man and the community are joined in a relationship resulting in mutual creation of ethics: by living in a polis, an individual develops virtue, and conversely, his virtuous actions in the community enable a polis to endure on ethical principles. This conception is found in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, and is encompassed in the theory of virtue, theory of citizenship and a detailed consideration of the forms of political systems. Although elitist and exclusivist, Aristotle’s ethical and political views remain intact in terms of the value ascribed to the “the philosophy of human life”, as his legacy continues to inspire modern social thought. The aim of this paper is to show the connection Aristotle makes between a political community and ethical principles while pointing to their universal importance through the analysis of Nicomachean Ethics and Politics.
KEYWORDS
Aristotle, political community, virtue, civic virtue, political naturalism

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