EXPLORING FORENSICALLY RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS OF ROBBERIES
Keywords:robbery, robbery trend, the time of the robbery, the city commission of robbery, robbery offenders, victims of robbery, multidimensional scaling
In order to determine the characteristics of the crime of criminal robberies, empirical research was conducted, covering 227 solved criminal cases of robbery, committed by 100 perpetrators. The offenses were committed in the period 2009-2015. in the area of Police Station Zemun. The research was carried out by direct inspection of manual and electronic official records of the Police Station Zemun. In addition to descriptive statistical measures the technique of multidimensional scaling was applied, to achieve insight into the structural features of the robbery.
Research has shown varying trend of crimes. Robberies have shown a considerable increase in the autumn and winter months. Observed by parts of the day, most frequent period was between 18-24 hours. Object of the attack are usually different commercial buildings. Robberies are usually commited with guns and knives, along with direct access to the victim and threat. In little more than two thirds of cases the perpetrators use masks. Robberies are commited mainly by younger or middle age men, which generally have no permanent employment and regular source of income. Particularly worrying is the fact that more than one-fifth of offenders are juvenile offenders. 80% of perpetrators had previously been reported. The largest number of victims were female. Robberies are usually committed against an individual, while the resistance of the victim during the commission of the crime is rare.
The results of multidimensional scaling showed a clear distinction between the perpetrators in terms of the use of force. One group consists of violent perpetrators who attack men causing resistance, escape and injury of victims. The second group consists of non violent perpetrators and their targets are usually women; during commision they use weapons, not using verbal threats, have been recorded in the police earlier and make confessions when they are caught.
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