Eufor Chad/Central African Republic: Politized Mandate of the European Union and Military Management of the Darfur Crisis

Authors

  • Jovanka Kuvekalović-Stamatović Institute for International Politics and Economics, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Vanja Glišin Institute for Political Studies, Belgrade, Serbia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51738/Kpolisa2021.18.3r.1.03

Keywords:

EUFOR Chad/Central African Republic military operation, European Union, Common Security and Defense Policy, France

Abstract

From the moment of its establishment, EUFOR Chad/Central African Republic was a specific military operation, not only from the perspective of the European Union, but the host countries as well. Mutual skepticism emerged already in the first phase of the decision-making process, when the preliminary assessments of its success and implementation were quite pessimistic. The lack of agreement among the EU Member States regarding conducting an intervention conditioned additional efforts of France, as the main initiator, to fulfil its ambitions through the decisions of Common Security and Defense Policy, thus securing its strategic position on the African continent. Equally pronounced critical blade in Chad was also covered up, having in mind that the inevitable fragmentation of ideas was avoided through a one-sided decision passed by the current political leadership. The other specificity is reflected in the fact that, based on numerous parameters, EUFOR Chad/CAR operation was assessed as the biggest intervention of the European Union conducted so far. Despite operative, logistical and financial difficulties that postponed implementation of the mandate, the operation was concluded on March 15, 2009. The logical question emerging regarding the previously stated characteristics is whether they impacted the defining of the mandate, the dynamics of its implementation and the final result of EUFOR Chad/CAR operation? The basic assumption which is the starting point for the authors of this paper states that the pronounced specificities echoed in the form of politization of the mandate and the military management of the Darfur crisis as direct motives of the operation. The lack of political mechanisms supporting the military action in conflict solution concurrently contributed to militarization of crisis management of the EU. The affirmative argument of the previously expressed statements is the impact of permanent shortages to the consistency and effectiveness of the results of EUFOR. An additional insight is expressed in the consent of the host country, the Republic of Chad, which was, in this concrete case, driven by strategic interests and strengthening of the authoritarian rule.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Berg, Patrick. 2009. “EUFOR Tchad/RCA: the EU serving French interests.” The EU as a Strategic Actor in the Realm of Security and Defence(2009): 57-69.

Bono, Giovanna. 2011. “The EU’s military operation in Chad and the Central African Republic: An operation to save lives?.” Journal of intervention and statebuilding1 (2011): 23-42.

Bono, Giovanna. 2012. “The Impact of the Discourse of the “Politics of Protection”: The Case of the EU and UN Policing and Military Missions to Chad (2007–2010).” African Security3-4 (2012): 179-198.

Despotović, Ljubiša i Vanja Glišin. 2021. Savremeni međunarodni odnosi i geopolitika. Sremski Karlovci: Kairos.

Dijkstra, Hylke. 2013. Policy-making in EU security and defense: An institutional perspective. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fahron-Hussey, Claudia, Claudia Fahron-Hussey, and Valussi. 2019. Military Crisis Management Operations by NATO and the EU. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Giegerich, Bastian. 2010. “Chapter two: military and civilian capabilities for EU-led crisis-management operations.” Adelphi series414-415 (2010): 41-58.

Hagemann, Frank. 2010. Strategic Planning for Comprehensive Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR TCHAD/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School.

Hagemann, Frank. 2010. Strategy Making in the European Union: The Quest for Comprehensive Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia. BoD–Books on Demand.

Haine, Jean Yves. 2011. “The failure of a European strategic culture–EUFOR Chad: the last of its kind?.” Contemporary Security Policy3 (2011): 582-603.

Mattelaer, Alexander TJ. 2008. “The Strategic Planning of EU Military Operations-The Case of EUFOR TCHAD/RCA.” Institute for European Studies Working Paper 5. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1577775.

Petrović Piroćanac, Zoran. 2010. Geopolitika energije. Beograd: Institut za političke studije.

Report of the Secretary General on the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad s/2008/760”. 4 December 2008. http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/sgrep08.htm. Приступљено: 22/08/2020.

Rodt, Annemarie Peen, and Jide Martyns Okeke. 2013. “AU-EU “Strategic Partnership”: Strengthening Policy Convergence and Regime Efficacy in the African Peace and Security Complex?.” African security3-4 (2013): 211-233.

Seibert, Bjoern H. 2010. Operation EUFOR TCHAD/RCA and the European Union’s Common Security and Defense Policy. Carlisle, PA : Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.

Solana Javier, Chad Mission Crucial to Union’s Peace Effort in Africa. Jan. 29, 2008, http://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/chad-mission-crucialto-union-s-peace-effort-in-africa-1.933045. Приступљено: 28/08/2020.

Solana Javier, EU High Representative for the CFSP, Comments on the Situation in Chad and Operation EUFOR Tchad/RCA. 4 February 2008, http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_ data/docs/pressdata/en/discours/98555.pdf. Приступљено: 28/08/2020.

Styan, David. 2012. “EU power and armed humanitarianism in Africa: evaluating ESDP in Chad.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs4 (2012): 651-668.

Styan, David. 2017. “Europe’s multiple security strategies towards Africa.” EU Security Strategies: Extending the EU System of Security Governance. Abingdon: Routledge.

Sudan Tribune, plural news and views on Sudan. 11 june 2007.„Chad opens door to possible foreign military force”. https://sudantribune.com/Chad-opens-door-to-possible,22309. Приступљено: 18.08.2020.

Tonra, Ben. 2018. “The (In) Justices of Peacekeeping: EUFOR Tchad/RCA.” GLOBUS Research Paper https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3131245.

UN Security Council, Resolution 1778/2007. Adopted by the Security Council at It`s 5748th Meeting, on 25 September 2007, http://www.un, org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/1778(2007), accessed

/05/2018.

Тhe New Humanitarian. „Dual Peacekeeping Missions seeks to dispel confusion”, 11 january 2008, https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/feature/2008/01/11/dual-peacekeeping-mission-seeks-dispel-confusion, accessed 18/08/2020.

The French Military Role in Chad; http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2377.html, 19/08/2020.

France and Chad, „Agreement concerning technical military assistance (with annex)”. Signed at Fort-Lamy on 11 August 1960, No. 11741 https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20821/volume-821-I-11741-English.pdf, 19/08/2020.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-18

How to Cite

Kuvekalović-Stamatović, J., & Glišin, V. (2021). Eufor Chad/Central African Republic: Politized Mandate of the European Union and Military Management of the Darfur Crisis. KULTURA POLISA, 18(46), 35–53. https://doi.org/10.51738/Kpolisa2021.18.3r.1.03

Issue

Section

Original scientific work

Categories