REVIEW OF HUMAN CANNIBALISM
Keywords:cannibalism, etymology, mythology, New world, typology
Тhe aim of this paper is to present cannibalism through the etymology of the name, mythological stories and forms of its manifestations. Although cannibalism is documented and present in all regions of the world, from the period of homo erectus to the modern age, there are not many scientific papers on this subject, especially if the amount of record of cannibalism and the historical presentation and represenation of this phenomen. The paper presents the etymology of the term, the European interpretation of cannibalism of indigenous peoples and various cannibalistic descriptions from ancient mythology, folk songs and legends. Throughout history, cannibalism has been an integral part of racist stereotypes and the attribution of caniballistic characteristics to indigenous people of the New World. The tribes of South America and other natives for centuries are victims of labeling and false and distorted images of their cannibalistic practices, so special attention is paid to this. After that, descriptions of cannibalistic motifs are presented, which are represented in mythologies, legends, folk stories and poetry of different cultures. At the end of the paper, it is shown a typology of the manifestation of cannibalism.
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