THE BEGINNINGS OF BIRD WATCHING DEVELOPMENT IN NATURE PROTECTED AREAS OF SERBIA
Keywords:special forms of tourism, sustainable development, nature, Serbia
In 2017, 2018, and 2019, excursions for tourists in nature conservation areas were organized at various sites in Serbia, with the aim of observing rare bird species. Considering that bird watching is an underdeveloped form of sustainable tourism development in the Serbian tourism market, the aim of this study was to examine the profile of tourists expressing their desire for bird watching, as well as the impact of this form of tourism on the protection and conservation of the nature of Serbia. Although sustainable development in the National Tourism Development Strategy of Serbia was recognized as an opportunity for future development, stay on the ground showed numerous disadvantages for the further development of this type of tourism, such as nature protection, inadequate destination management, waste disposal, space degradation, poor infrastructure, low level awareness of the local population and lack of educational facilities.
The conclusion of the research is that the excursions organized for the purpose of bird watching had a very favorable effect on increasing tourists' awareness of the environment, on the sustainable development of the tourist destination and pointed to the needs of current and future tourists who want to spend time in nature protected areas.
Agarwal, S., Busby, G., & Hunag, R. (2018). Special Interest Tourism: An Introduction. In Special Interest Tourism: Concepts, Contexts and Cases. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: Cabi.
Angelkova, T., Koteski, C., Jakovlev, Z., & Mitrevska E. (2012). Sustainability and competitiveness of tourism. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 44, pp. 221-227. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.023.
Area, A., Filippelli, S., Hallowell, R. & Jones, B. (2014). Improving Bird Watching at the Ohio State University Wetlands: Columbus. Ohio: The Ohio State University.
Bielinska, J.E, Futa, B., Baran, S., Žukowska G., Pawlowska M., CEL., W. & ZHANG., T. (2015). Integrating Role of Sustainable Development Paradigm in Shaping the Human-landscape Relation. Problemy ekorozwoju-Problems of sustainable development,10(2), 159-168.
Bramwell, B., Henry, I., Jackson, G., Prat, A.G., Richards G. & Van der Straaten J. (1998). Sustainable tourism menagement:Principles and Practice. Tilburg, Netherlands: Tilburg University Press.
Bramwell, B., Higham, J., Lane, B. & Miller, G. (2017). Twenty-five years of sustainable tourism and the Journal of Sustainable Tourism: Looking back and moving forward. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(1), 1-9. doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2017.1251689.
Carver, E. (2009). Birding in the United States: A demographic and economic analysis, Addendum to the 2006 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (Report 2006-4). Arlington VA: US Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Economics.
Cetin, M.& Sevik, H. (2016). Evaluating the recreation potential of Ilgaz Mountain National Park in Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188(1), 52. doi: 10.1007/s10661-015-5064-7.
Cheung, L.T., Fok L. & Fang W. (2014). Understanding geopark visitors' preferences and willingness to pay for global geopark management and conservation. Journal of Ecotourism,13(1), 35-51. doi.org/10.1080/14724049.2014.941848.
Cheung, L.T. & Jim C. Y. (2014). Expectations and willingness-to-pay for ecotourism services in Hong Kong’s conservation areas. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 21(2), 149-159. doi:10.1080/13504509.2013.859183.
Coccossis, H. (1996). Tourism and Sustainability: Perspectives and Implications in Priestley, Sustainable tourism? European Experiences, U.K., Cab International.
De Groot, R.S., Wilson, M.A. & Boumans, R. M. (2002). A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecological Economics, 41(3), 393–408. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00089-7.
Drastichova, M. & Filzmoser P. (2019). Assessment of Sustainable Development Using Cluster Analysis and Principal Component Analysis. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development,14(2), 7-24.
Farsary, Y. & Prastacos P. (2001). Sustainable tourism indicators for Mediterranean established destinations. Tourism Today, 1, 103-121.
Giglio, V.J., Luiz, O.J. & Schiavetti A. (2016). Recreational diver behavior and contacts with benthic organisms in the Abrolhos National Marine Park, Brazil. Environmental Management, 57(3), 637-648. doi:10.1007/s00267-015-0628-4.
Hill, S. G., Cable T. T. & Scott, D. (2010). Wildlife-based recreation as economic windfall: a rhetorical analysis of public discourse on birding. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 9(4), 224-232. doi: 10.1080/1533015X.2010.530888.
Jegdić, V., Škrbić, I. & Milošević, S. (2017). Models of entreprenurship development in rural Tourism destinations in Vojvodina. Economics of Agriculture, 64(1), 221-237. doi: 10.5937/ekoPolj1701221J
Jones, D.N. & Buckley R. (2001). Bird-watching tourism in Australia. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism of Australia.
Krejić, Ž., Milićević, S., Plećić, K. & Babić D. (2019). The possibility of the development of bird watching as a specific form of tourism in the Deliblato sands- case study. Teme, XLIII(2), 475-488. doi.org/10.22190/TEME180305029K
Krejić, Ž. & Plećić, K. (2014). Options the Deliblato sand for the Development of specific forms of tourism. Horizons, Series A, Social and Humanitarian sciences, 13, 317-324.
Krejić, Ž, Čerović, S. & Milićević S. (2017). Historical development of tourism in Serbia. Hotel and Tourism Management, 4(2), 55-63.
Kim S. S, Scott, D. & Crompton, J. L. (1997). An exploration of the relationships among social psychological involvement, behavioral involvement, commitment, and future intentions in the context of bird watching. Journal of Leisure Research, 29(3), 320-341. doi: 10.1080/00222216.1997.11949799.
Kruja, D. & Gjyrezi, A. (2011). The special interest tourism development and the small regions. Turizam, 15(2), 77-89. doi:10.5937/Turizam1102077K.
Ma, Z., Cheng, Y., Wang, J. & Xinghua, F. (2013). The rapid development of bird watching in mainland China: a new force for bird study and conservation. Bird Conservation International, 23(2), 259-269. doi:10.1017/S0959270912000378.
Medić, S., Gagić, S., Jovičić, A. & Erdeji A. (2012). Possibilities for Improvement of Rural Tourism in Fruška Gora. Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, Special Issue, 1, 167-175.
Mose, I. (2016). Protected areas and regional development in Europe: Towards a new model for the 21st century. London: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781315602639.
Mowforth, M. & Munt, I. (2015). Tourism and sustainability: Development, globalisation and new tourism in the third world. (4th ed.). London: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315795348.
Nowikova, O., Ostafiichuk, Y. & Khandii, O. (2019). Mechanism of Strengthening Social and Labor Potential of Sustainable Development. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development,14(1), pp. 63-72.
Payne, L. L. & Scahumleffel N. A. (2008). Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Rural Community Parks and Recreation and Rural Community Satisfaction. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 26(3), 116-135.
Ristić, L., Vujičić, M. & Leković, M. (2016). Tourism as a factor of sustainable development of rural areas belonging to Rudnička Morava. Economics of Agriculture, 63(2), 665-680. doi:10.5937/ekoPolj1602665R.
Sekercioglu C.H. (2002). Impacts of bird watching on human and avian communities. Environmental conservation, 29(3), 282-289. doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000206
Tourism development of the Republic of Serbia, 2016-2025. Belgrade.
Uglis, J. & Jeczmyk, A. (2017). Development of the Tourist Function Within Areas of Lower Silesian Landscape Parks. Economic and Regional Studies/Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne, 10(2), 16-27. doi.org/10.2478/ers-2017-0012
Wartecka-Wazynska, A., Jeczmyk, A., Jalink, M., Sikora, J., Lunewski, S. & Uglis, J. (2019). The Context of Sustainable Development: Funding Society’s Nature and Forest Education through Promotional Forest Complexes in Poland in 2012– 2016. Sustainability, 11(15),1-13. doi.org/10.3390/su11154058
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.