CYBERBULLYING: BETWEEN THE VIRTUAL AND THE REAL
Keywords:cyberbullying, cyber security, cyber world, information security culture, information and communication technologies
In modern society, the use of information communication technologies and digital services is intensifying. The post-Covid-19 era brings many changes in all social spheres and stands out for its unprecedented reliance on digital technologies. Younger generations, who have had intensive interaction with them since the earliest days, are finding their place in the cyber world and, in this way, are increasingly erasing the boundaries between the real and the digital. Vulnerability of human life is one of the characteristics of cyber security and as a very complex phenomenon that is fully justified to be studied in a multidisciplinary manner. Cyberbullying is a widespread phenomenon, most often expressed among the younger population, which can produce great negative consequences for an individual, and even the loss of human life. In addition to the fact that it is necessary to work on raising awareness and pointing out the unsafe cyberspace in which interaction and communication take place, it is necessary to give an adequate response from the aspect of education and information security culture in order to preserve what is most valuable. This paper aims to present and offer some answers to the mentioned phenomenon.
Bergman, M. (2023). Types of cyberbullying. Social Media Victims Law Center. https://socialmediavictims.org/cyberbullying/types/
Bischoff, P. (2019). Almost 60 percent of parents with children aged 14 to 18 reported them being bullied. Comparitech.https://www.comparitech.com/blog/vpn-privacy/boundlessbullies/
Bjelajac, Ž. Đ., & Filipović, A. M. (2021). Specific characteristics of digital violence and digital crime. Pravo – Teorija i praksa, 38(4), 16–32. https://doi.org/10.5937/ptp2104016B
Bjelajac, Ž. Đ., Filipović, A. M., & Stošić, L. V. (2022). Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) as a Consequence of the Expansion of Information Technologies. International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education (IJCRSEE), 10(3), 155–165. https://doi.org/10.23947/2334-8496-2022-10-3-155-165
Dinić, B. (2022). Digitalno nasilje [Digital violence]. Univerzitet u Novom Sadu: Filozofski fakultet.
Dix, A., Finlay, J., Abowd, G. D., & Beale, R. (2004). HumanComputer interaction (3rd ed.). Pearson Education Limited.
Englander, E., Donnerstein, E., Kowalski, R., Lin, C. A., & Parti, K. (2017). Defining cyberbullying. Pediatrics, 148–151.https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-1758U
Extremera, N., Quintana-Orts, C., Mérida-López, S., & Rey, L. (2018). Cyberbullying victimization, self-esteem and suicidal ideation in adolescence: Does emotional intelligence play a buffering role? Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1–9.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00367
Fahy, A. E., Stansfeld, S. A., Smuk, M., Smith, N. R., Cummins, S., & Clark, C. (2016). Longitudinal associations between cyberbullying involvement and adolescent mental health. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(5), 502–509.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.06.006
Filipović, A. M. (2022). Digitalno nasilje prema ženama: izloženost i rizici [Digital violence against women: Exposure and risks]. Kultura Polisa, 19(2), 110–130.https://doi.org/10.51738/Kpolisa2022.19.2p.110f
Gámez-Guadix, M., Orue, I., Smith, P. K., & Calvete, E. (2013). Longitudinal and reciprocal relations of cyberbullying with depression, substance use, and problematic internet use among adolescents. The Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(4), 446–452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.03.030
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2014). Bullying beyond the schoolyard: Preventing and responding to cyberbullying (2nd ed.). Corwin Press Inc.
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2018). Cyberbullying warning signs – Red flags that a child is involved in cyberbullying.https://cyberbullying.org/cyberbullying-warning-signs.pdf
Janković, A. V., & Stošić, L. V. (2022). Cyberbullying legislation: The role of cyberbullying law. Pravo – Teorija i Praksa, 39(4), 97– 108. https://doi.org/10.5937/ptp2204097J
Jevtić, R. (2022). Digital Violence Among Secondary School Pupils. Journal of Аrticles of the Faculty of Education in Užice, 24, 45– 62. https://doi.org/10.5937/ZRPFU2224045J
Khairi, A. K., Wanyi Li, S. H. Y., Tong, Y. S., Rahman, M. N. B. A., & Motevalli, S. (2022). The Importance of Emotional Competence in Preventing Cyberbullying: The Role of Family as Moderator. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 12(4), 262–278.https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v12-i4/13062
Kowalski, R. M., Giumetti, G. W., Schroeder, A. N., & Lattanner, M. R. (2014). Bullying in the digital age: A critical review and meta -analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1073–1137. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035618
Marco, J. H., & Tormo-Irun, M. P. (2018). Cyber victimization is associated with eating disorder Psychopathology in Adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology, 9.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00987
Nixon, C. (2014). Current perspectives: the impact of cyberbullying on adolescent health. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 5, 143–158. https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S36456
Nova.rs. (2022, November 14). Digitalno nasilje u Srbiji: sve grupe na udaru zlostavljanja na Internetu [Digital violence in Serbia: All groups at risk of abuse on the Internet]. Medija Centar Beograd.https://mc.rs/digitalno-nasilje-u-srbiji-dve-grupe-na-udaruzlostavljanja-na-internetu/za-medije/detaljno/2173
Olweus, D. (1994). Bullying at school: Long-Term outcomes for the victims and an effective school-based intervention program. In R. Huesmann (Ed.), Aggressive behavior: Current perspectives, (pp. 97–130). Plenum Press.
Patchin, J. W. (2022). Summary of our cyberbullying research (2007– 2021). https://cyberbullying.org/summary-of-our-cyberbullyingresearch
Patchin, J. W., Hinduja, S., & Meldrum, R. C. (2023). Digital selfharm and suicidality among adolescents. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 28(1), 52–59.https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1111/camh.12574
Rančić, J. (2018). Vršnjačko nasilje na društvenim mrežama u Republici Srbiji [Peer violence on social networking sites in the Republic of Serbia]. CM: Communication and Media, 13(43), 95–124. https://doi.org/10.5937/comman13-18786
Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russel, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(4), 376–385. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469- 7610.2007.01846.x
Smith, P. K., & Slonje, R. (2010). Cyberbullying: The nature and extent of a new kind of bullying, in and out of school. In S. R. Jimerson, S. M. Swearer, & D. L. Espelage (Eds.), Handbook of Bullying in Schools: An International Perspective (1st ed.). Routledge.
Stošić, L. V., & Janković, A. V. (2022). Cybercrime in the Republic of Serbia: Prevalence, situation and perspectives. Kultura Polisa, 19(4), 82–99. https://doi.org/10.51738/Kpolisa2022.19.4r.82sj
Syaidi, R., & Suparno, S. (2021). Cyberbullying in criminal law perspective. Proceedings of the First Multidiscipline International Conference, MIC 2021.https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.30-10-2021.2315850
Vesić, D., Sánchez Monroe, J., & Vesić, S. L. (2022). Cyber security and protection against high-tech crime. SETI IV – Fourth International Scientific Conference – SCIENCE, EDUCATION, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION, 91–98.
Von Solms, R., & Van Niekerk, J. (2013). From information security to cyber security. Computers and Security, 38, 97–102.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cose.2013.04.004
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Slavimir Vesić, Martin Bjelajac
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.